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Here at Lydgate we want all our pupils to have an understanding of the past and how history shapes our present and our future. As a whole school, we value the development of pupils’ critical thinking, their ability to weigh evidence and generate arguments, develop chronological understanding and allow children to develop their sense of perspective. Over and above this we want to inspire our pupils so that they are passionate about the history of Britain and the wider world so they become curious learners who ask why and want to research further.


In Reception pupils start to develop their understanding of History by talking about where their families are from and places they have been. They look at pictures and photographs of houses from the past and present and discuss changes. They continue to build their vocabulary when they look at the seaside and transport past and present.

Click Here to see the Reception Long Term Plan


In KS1 pupils build on their language that they have developed in Reception relating to the passing of time. The development of class timelines, showing people and events that they study supports their chronological understanding. When learning about events pupils ask and answer questions about a range of sources of evidence such as stories, photographs and artefacts.



In KS2 pupils develop a secure chronological knowledge and understanding of history. They use appropriate historical terms when talking about connections, contrasts and trends overtime. Pupils learn to construct informed responses after examining a range of sources of evidence. In History lessons they regularly discuss change, cause, similarity and difference and significance.

Pupils are taught the national curriculum topics through a two year planning cycle:


Lower KS2

Upper KS2

Local History

· Significant historical events, people and places in their own locality

 British History

 · The lives of significant individuals in Britain’s past who have contributed to our nation’s achievements

World History

· Key events in the past that are significant nationally and globally, particularly those that coincide with festivals or other events that are commemorated throughout the year (eg: Remembrance Day and Bonfire Night )

British History

Changes in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age

 This could include:

- late Neolithic hunter-gatherers and early farmers, e.g. Skara Brae

 - Bronze Age religion, technology and travel, e.g. Stonehenge

 - Iron Age hill forts: tribal kingdoms, farming, art and culture

Roman Empire and its impact on Britain This could include:

 - Julius Caesar’s attempted invasion in 55-54 BC - the Roman Empire by AD 42 and the power of its army

 - successful invasion by Claudius and conquest, including Hadrian’s Wall

- British resistance, e.g. Boudicca

 - “Romanisation” of Britain: sites such as Caerwent and the impact of technology, culture and beliefs, including early Christianity

Britain’s settlement by Anglo-Saxons and Scots

This could include:

-Roman withdrawal from Britain in c. AD 410 and the fall of the western Roman Empire

-Scots invasions from Ireland to north Britain (now Scotland) Anglo-Saxon invasions, settlements and kingdoms: place names and village life Anglo-Saxon art and culture

- Christian conversion – Canterbury, Iona and Lindisfarne

British history Viking and Anglo-Saxon struggle for the Kingdom of England to the time of Edward the Confessor

This could include:

 - Viking raids and invasion - resistance by Alfred the Great and Athelstan, first king of England - further Viking invasions and Danegeld

- Anglo-Saxon laws and justice - Edward the Confessor and his death in 1066

Wider world history

The achievements of the earliest civilizations – an overview of where and when the first civilizations appeared and a depth study of Ancient Egypt

Local history

A depth study linked to one of the British areas of study (eg: Victorians)


British History

A study of an aspect or theme in British history extends chronological knowledge beyond 1066

- a significant turning point in British history, e.g. the first railways or the Battle of Britain


Ancient History

Ancient Greece – a study of Greek life and achievements and their influence on the western world


A non-European society – (that contrasts with British history) - Mayan civilization c. AD 900



Two Year Planning Cycle


Key Stage One

Lower Key Stage Two

Upper Key Stage Two

Cycle 1

Significant Individuals

  • Rosa Parks
  • Martin Luther King
  • Neil Armstrong
  • Nelson Mandela

Events beyond living memory

  • Fire of London
  • Gunpowder Plot
  • Bonfire Night
  • Remembrance Day

This may be updated to reflect children’s interests and may be linked to books they are reading in class.

Ancient Egypt



Ancient Greece


Queen Victorians and the Victorians

(Including Local study )

Cycle 2

Significant Individuals

  • Florence Nightingale
  • Edith Cavell
  • Mary Seacole
  • The Royal Family – past (including Queen Victoria) and present

Events beyond living memory

  • Mayans/Aztecs
  • Changes in boats/ships

This may be updated to reflect children’s interests and may be linked to books they are reading in class.

Stone age and Iron Age


Roman Empire and impact on Britain

A study of a significant turning point in history - WW2




Key History Skills


By the end of KS1

By the end of KS2

Chronological knowledge/understanding

  • Develop an awareness of the past
  • Use common words and phrases related to the passing of time
  • Know where all the people and events studied fit into a chronological framework
  • Identify similarities / differences between periods
  • Continue to develop chronological secure knowledge of history
  • Establish clear narratives within and across periods studied
  • Note connections contrasts over time

Historical terms

  • Use a wide vocabulary of everyday historical terms
  • Develop appropriate historical terms

Historical enquiry

  • Ask and answer questions
  • Understand some ways we find out about the past
  • Choose and use parts of stories and other sources to show understanding of the range of knowledge
  • Regularly address historically valid questions
  • Understand that the knowledge of the past is constructed from a range of sources.
  • Construct informed responses by selecting and organising relevant historical information

Interpretations of history

  • Identify different ways in which the past is represented
  • Understand that different versions of the past may exist, giving reasons for this

Key Knowledge and understanding

Continuity and change

  • Identify similarities and difference between ways of life at different times

Cause and consequence

  • Recognise why people did things, why events happened and what happened as a result

Similarities and Difference

  • Make simple observations about different types of people, events, beliefs within a society


  • Talk about who was important eg a simple historic account

Continuity and change

  • Describe and make links between main events situations and changes within and across different periods

Cause and consequence

  • Identify and give reasons for results of historical events, situations , changes

Similarities and Differences

  • Describe social cultural, religious  and ethnic diversity in Britain and the wider world


  • Identify historically significant people and events in situations
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